John Toal

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Tail Rotor Failures

05th October 2011
Different Types of Tail Rotor Failure While training for a JAR PPL(H) licence, you will be told about tail rotor failures. There is no flight exercise for tail rotor failures under the JAR system however I like to demonstrate the different types of tail ... Read >

The Piston Helicopter Engine

05th October 2011
The Piston Engine Piston engines are the most common type of engine to be found in modern, light helicopters. Normally there will be 4 or 6 cylinders in a horizontally opposed configuration. Pistons move back and fourth inside the cylinders. Inside e... Read >

The Turboshaft Engine

05th October 2011
Helicopter Engines One of the most common helicopter engines used today is the turboshaft engine. A turboshaft engine is effectively a jet engine and normally runs on a kerosene based fuel. There are many variants of turboshaft engines but they all follo... Read >

Air Traffic Control Services in Ireland

05th October 2011
Air Traffic Services Air Traffic Services to General Aviation (GA) traffic are provided by the Irish Aviation Authority The different types of Air Traffic Services available in Ireland are as follows: Air Traffic Control Service (ATC) Flight Inf... Read >

Navigation Diversions in a Helicopter

05th October 2011
How to Fly Navigation Diversions A large part of anyone's helicopter flight training is spent on teaching Navigation. Navigation is an acquired skill and takes practice. During your skills test you will have to carry out a navigation diversion. Navigatio... Read >

How to Find Wind Direction

05th October 2011
Wind Direction Student pilots can sometimes become bewildered and confused about how to work out where the wind is coming from when approaching to land at an uncontrolled area. Quite often they can feel the helicopter drifting and buffeting due to the wi... Read >

Helicopter Power Checks

02nd June 2011
When is the last time you had to do a confined area approach or take-off? Do you still know how to do a helicopter power check? If not you need to read this article. Power Checks There is no point in attempting to do a confined area approach witho... Read >

Radiotelephony For Helicopter Pilots

02nd June 2011
One of the most intimidating things a student has to do when learning to fly is learning how to talk on the radio. When you first start flying you soon realise that the quality of the sound from the radio is actually very poor. The language is totally dif... Read >

JAR Type Ratings for Helicopters

02nd June 2011
Why Get a Type Rating? Type Rating You have a PPL(H) and you want to try something different. For most pilots, getting another JAR type rating on their license is one of the first things they will do. Having probably completed their training on a sm... Read >

How to Build a Garden Shed Roof

14th February 2011
How to Build a Garden Shed Roof Building a garden shed roof is not as difficult as you might think. As long as you follow the instructions supplied with your garden shed plans, you should end up with a tidy, waterproof garden shed roof. Ensure that you... Read >

Garden Shed Foundations

02nd February 2011
The Pier and Beam Foundation The foundation of your new garden shed is more important than you may think. Your new garden sheds may be stable to begin with but the overall stability of the structure will depend entirely on the type of surface you are b... Read >